You have probably heard of periodontal disease, but do you know about it’s most common risks?
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is gum disease that begins with bacteria growth in your mouth, particularly when plaque, the sticky, clear film that forms on teeth, builds up in your mouth. Periodontal disease is closely associated with gingivitis because gingivitis (gum inflammation) is the step that usually precedes periodontal disease, although not always. If gingivitis is not treated, it can then lead to periodontal disease during which the gums pull away from the teeth to form pockets, which collect debris and can be a great place for bacteria to build up. As these pockets become infected, plaque spreads and grows along and under the gums. If periodontal disease is not treated, the disease can progress to where the gum tissue and bone are destroyed and therefore can no longer support the teeth so tooth loss occurs. Symptoms of gum disease can be subtle but noticeable ones include bleeding gums, red or swollen gums, receding gums, loose teeth, changes in bite, and persistent bad breath.
What Are the Most Common Risks of Periodontal Disease?
The primary cause of periodontal disease is plaque, but there are a number of other factors that increase your risk of developing periodontal disease. Depending on your genes, you could be one of the 30 percent of the population that is genetically more susceptible to developing periodontal disease. Those who smoke or use tobacco also have a higher risk of developing periodontal disease, and the longer one does it, the higher the risk. If you have misaligned or crowded teeth you also have a higher risk of developing periodontal disease because the misalignment makes it more difficult to brush or floss your teeth and therefore leads to greater plaque formation. Other common risks of periodontal disease include fluctuating hormones, medications that cause dry mouth, stress, grinding teeth, poor nutrition, and even certain diseases such as leukemia, IBS, and HIV.
How Can You Prevent Periodontal Disease?
Perhaps the best way to prevent periodontal disease is by practicing good oral health care habits every single day. This means brushing your teeth twice a day for two minutes each time, flossing at least once a day, and using fluoride toothpaste. You should also eat a healthy diet high in fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and low in sugars, carbs, and acids. Other ways you can prevent periodontal disease include stopping clenching or grinding your teeth, reduce your stress, and stop smoking or using tobacco.
Visit Us at Midtown Dental
Another great way to prevent periodontal disease is by coming in for regular checkups and cleanings at Midtown Dental in Logan, Utah. Give our team a call today to schedule an appointment.Contact Us